Everest Region is the Northeastern part of Nepal where the world’s highest Mountain peak, Everest (8,848m) stands. Its elevation ranges from 3,300 meters (11,000 feet) to the 8,848 m (29,029 ft.) The Khumbu also knows Everest region, which is a glacier. It includes whole Solukhumbu district, Sagarmatha National Park, Buffer Zone between Lukla and Monju, the town of Namche Bazaar as well as the villages of Thame, Khumjung, Pangboche, Pheriche and Kunde. The famous Buddhist monastery at Tengboche also lies under Everest region.
Sagarmatha National Park
The Sagarmatha National Park is a protected area in 1976 in the Himalayas of eastern Nepal. It covers the area of 1,148 square km in the Solukhumbu District and ranges an elevation from 2,845m to 8,848m. Sagarmatha is a Nepali word derived from “sagar” which means sky and “matha” which means head. Even the UNESCO enlists it in World heritage site in 1976 AD.
After successful summit at Mt. Everest by Sir Edmun Hilary and Sherpa guide Tenzing Norgay Sherpa, tourism in the area became popular and lots of tourist comes here to visit and explore every year.
The flora such as birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron are found in the lower forested zone. As the altitude increases, plant life is limited because of permanent snowline in the Himalayan area. The forests provide home to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan monal, blood pheasant, red-billed chough, and yellow-billed chough. Sagarmatha National Park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park. Increasing altitude, the temperature and label of oxygen decreases, where the species living at high altitudes have thick coats to retain body heat. Some of them have shortened limbs to prevent loss of body heat. Himalayan black bears go into hibernation in caves during the winter when there is no food available.
Villages in Everest Region
Dingboche is a Sherpa village in the Everest region of northeastern Nepal in the Chukhung Valley, which is popular stop and resting place amongst the trekkers and climbers headed to MT. Everest, Amadablam and Island Peak. It is located at an elevation of 4,410 meters (14,470 ft.). The population of the area was estimated to be around 200 people in 2011. The villagers are highly depending upon the tourism sector for their daily income. The place has got a helicopter-landing pad just west of the Imja River.It makes the climbers and tourist easy for the expedition. Here, Internet, International calls, and Wi-Fi facility is easily found in every hotel and lodges.
One of the features of Dingboche is the kilometers of stonewalls, built using the stones of different sizes that cover the entire Valley of Imja. These stones are removed in order to cultivate the soil and end up being swollen one over the other creating kilometers of walls. The normal climate in Dingboche is cool and rainy during summers and dry and cold during winters. It is affected by its altitude and monsoon in the summer. Trekking here and nearby place during the spring season (March and April) and autumn (October and November) are the best times because the visibility of the mountains is perfect and the temperature is not too cold.
Namche Bazar, gateway to Mt. Everest is a town in in Solukhumbu District located at an elevation of 3,440 meters (11,286 ft.). Most of the local residence belongs to the Sherpa family who are in the tourism business. Namche is the main trading center and hub for the Khumbu region with many Nepalese officials, a police check, post and bank. The town has got the facility lodgings and stores catering to the needs of visitors as well as a number of Internet cafes. The climatic condition in Namche is cool, wet during summers and dry during winter.
Lukla, a small town in the Khumbu Pasanglhamu rural municipality is located at an elevation of 2,860 meters. It is a popular place for visitors to the Himalayas near Mount Everest to arrive. The villagers got many goats and sheep. The Tenzing-Hillary Airport is only the way to get into Lukla. Lukla is also the gate way of Mera Peak and Makalu Barun Region.
Tengboche is a religious village in Solukhumbu district located at an elevation of 3,867 meters (12,687 ft.). The feature of this village is ancient Buddhist monastery known by name; Tengboche Monastery. It is the largest gompa in the Everest region, which was built in 1923. Subsequently it was destroyed by an erthqake in 1934 but was again rebuilt. From Tengboche village the panoramic view of the Himalayan Mountains including the peaks of Tawache, Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, and Thamserku can be seen.
Except these all-popular villages Everest region has got other different villages which has nature gifted beauties and sceneries. They are: Kunde, Khumjung, Lobuche, Phortse, Thame, Thamo, Pangboche, Phakding and Monjo.